This chapter from the book “The handbook of Journalism Studies” by Deidre O’Neill and Tony Harcup, explores what it is considered news values  and the different factors that news should have to be selected and featured in a newspaper or in television.

In this chapter, the authors define what is news, according to different scholars and journalism experts. Here are some definition according to:

-Jackie Harrison( 2000)-  news ” is judged to be newsworthy by journalist who exercise their news sense within the constrains of the organisation which they operate.” and the judging in this process is what should be lead by the news values journalists.

-National Council for the training of Journalists – ” news is information- new relevant to the reader , topical and perhaps out of the ordinary”.

Evans (Watson and Hill, 2003) ” news is people”.

David Randall (200) ” news is the fresh, unpublished, unusual and generally interesting.”

But what is considered news, its viewed under  the lenses of a “system of criteria”( Palmer 2000) , that we call news values.

News values are subjective according to Randall, and they mainly determine what news will be selected by newspapers and organisations to be included in the publication of the day.

This analysis process is one of the most important in journalism studies and this is because it explains what it is included , what not and the reasons behind them.

According to John Hartely ( 1982) by identifying the news values within a story, we know more about how a story was cover, than why it was covered in the first place.

Article presented two list of news values, that according to the authors of those, journalist should check before reporting any news.

The first list was stipulated by “mistake” by Gultang and Ruge, the paper was primarily to criticise the Norwegian press and proposed alternatives in the approaching to reporting conflict. They came with 12 factors, that they thought should be the answer to the question “How do events becomes news”

Below they 12 factors:

  1. Frequency
  2. Threshold
  3. Unambiguity
  4. Meaningfulness
  5. Consonance
  6. Unexpectedness
  7. Continuity
  8. Composition
  9. Reference to elite nations
  10. Reference to elite people#
  11. Reference to person
  12. Reference to something negative

but news values, as journalism in general is different in different countries, for this reason in the UK Harcup and O’Neill came up with they own 10 factors

  1. The Power Elite
  2. Celebrity
  3. Entertainment
  4. Surprise
  5. Bad News
  6. Good News
  7. Magnitude
  8. Relevance
  9. Follow up
  10. Newspaper Agenda



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